Virtually all of
the wall to wall carpet manufactured in the United States today consist of
one of the following fibers. Wool, Nylon, Polypropylene (Olefin), or
Polyester. All but Wool are synthetic (Man made) and make up almost 99% of
Nylon: Sales make up app. 65% of the US market. Best synthetic
fiber manufactured today. If you have a lot of traffic, we strongly
recommend Nylon. Many Nylon carpets have built in floral carbon to
Pros: High crush
and abrasion resistance, Good yarn memory to hold twist,
Resists Mold & Mildew, Cleans very well (especially
Cons: Cost, it’s the most
expensive synthetic fiber, Susceptible to acid (food & beverage) spills if
not stain resistant.
Polypropylene: Sales make up app. 30% (80% of Commercial) of the US
called Olefin, It is “solution dyed” meaning the color is added during
molten state rather than topically applied.
Pros: Superior stain resistance
(with exception of oil), Highly resistant to Bleach and fading, Price. It’s
the least expensive
Cons: Very weak, susceptible to
matting and crushing, Low heat tolerance, dragging furniture across can
cause fiber tips to melt, High affinity to oil (avoid using in kitchens)
Polyester: Sales make up app. 3% of US market. Is considered the
“in-between carpet”, cheaper then Nylon, more expensive then Olefin, with
performance characteristics in the middle as well. Newer polyesters (PET &
PTT) are proving to be just as good as most Nylons.
Pros: Good abrasion resistance,
Stain resistant, Fairly strong with good fade resistance.
Cons: Poor resiliency, susceptible
to crushing, Oil spills difficult to remove,
Not as durable as
Wool: Sales make up less then 1%
of US market. A
natural fiber, wool remains the premier fiber in carpet construction but
price is out of the reach of most consumers.
Pros: Deep rich color and feel,
Excellent resiliency, Cleans well, resists crushing, Long lasting.
Cons: Susceptible to mold &
mildew, Non stain resistant carpets have problems with acid dyes, Cost, cut
piles start at about $60.00 sq.yd.